In the 1956 Biblical epic The Ten Commandments, as well as the 1998 animated feature The Prince of Egypt, the pharaoh of the Exodus is depicted as Ramesses II. This is based primarily on the city of "Rameses" named in Exodus 1:11, as it has been assumed that the Biblical pharaoh named the city after himself.
However, the historical records show that Ramesses II was a rather successful pharaoh, with multiple military victories, building campaigns, and over two hundred consorts. There is no evidence of ten catastrophic plagues or a large slave revolt during his reign.
Furthermore, mainstream Egyptologists hold that there is no evidence of the Exodus ever taking place, and have long ago concluded that the Biblical Exodus is either a made-up story or a highly embellished one.
But despite the "official consensus", there is indeed evidence that the Exodus did take place, ten plagues and all. Multiple lines of recent evidence suggest that our chronology of Ancient Egypt is very wrong. Moreover, when these errors are corrected, the Exodus and its impacts on Egypt become plain as day.
This document is a concise and accessible introduction to the problems with Egyptology and the evidence for the Biblical Exodus. It takes about one hour to read, but contains the work of many generations.
37-page .pdf and Companion Timeline (pay what you want)
- 37-page .pdf and Companion Timeline (pay what you want)